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How to Write Oxford Cited Papers

How to Write Oxford Cited Papers

There is no way you can produce an academic paper without coming across other people’s data, theories and ideas. Oxford cited papers comprises of the reference list and footnote citation. The Oxford style is also known as the documentary-note style of referencing. This article provides a clear guideline on how to write papers with Oxford citation.

Footnote referencing of Oxford Cited Papers

When handling an Oxford cited paper, you should always insert a superscript number at the point of reference to your source. The same number should also appear at the bottom of every page where you record the footnote. You need to state the name or initial of the author before his surname (e.g. Wesley Smith)

You can either cite several pages or a single one (e.g. p. 10 for a single page or pp. 10-14 for more than one page). In case you need to refer to the same piece of work in the footnote, you will be required to use the page number(s) and the author’s surname for subsequent references.

In the event of non-successive references, you simply need to state the surname of the author, a short title and the page number(s) for all subsequent citations. You should always omit the publication date and place for all footnote referencing of Oxford cited papers.

In addition, if you cite more than one work published by the same author, you are required to use a short title and his surname for subsequent citations. You also need to acknowledge any paraphrasing (indirect quotations) within the work.

You should always enclose all direct quotations in your paper using single quotation marks. However, you can use an indent to separate the main text from the quote for quotations that have more than thirty-five words. Always use single spacing for indentation even if the spacing of the other text is different.

In case you use a primary author who refers to another publisher, you should use the superscript to cite the primary author. However, you will be required to include both the primary and secondary author in the footnote. You should also use superscript numbers in the body of your paper for electronic references using the same format as print materials.

Reference list or Bibliography for Oxford cited papers

After including the footnote in your text, you need to provide the full detail for each citation at the end of your assignment or essay. In Oxford cited papers, this is referred to as the reference list or a bibliography.

A bibliography comprises of all sources cited in the paper, those consulted while preparing the paper and other sources that are beneficial to the reader. On the contrary, the reference list only comprises of sources cited in the given assignment.

You should always use the authors surname to arrange the reference list in an alphabetical order. In case you have used more than one reference done by the same author, you will be required to arrange them by date starting from the earliest. If the author produced more than one piece of work within the same year, you have to arrange them alphabetically. However, you should always repeat the surname in all citations.

Books with One Author

When working on Oxford cited papers, you should always use initials of the author’s other names (e.g. Patrick. C., Cures and diseases in the west, New York, Penguin Press, 2005) It’s also paramount to avoid including page numbers in the reference list.

Books with More Than Two Authors

For references with two authors, you separate the authors with the word “and”. For books with more than three authors, you use a comma to separate them and then the word “and” before you write the last author. Always ignore the part of the name for sources that don’t have an author.

Books Which Have Been edited (Anthologies)

In case your reference list has books that have been edited, you will be required to put the name of the editor in brackets immediately after the author’s name.

Book Chapters

You need to include the family name and other names of the author of the given book chapter if available. You should also state the title of the chapter you are referring to. The names of the author should be in brackets. Also include edition if it’s not the first and the chapter’s page number.


When citing E-books, you should use the same format as that used while referencing printed books. However, for those books that you download or read online from a bookshop or website library, you need to provide information about the book at the end of the citation.


When citing a journal, the author’s initials or name precedes his surname i.e. A. Johnson in footnotes.  On the contrary, the surname comes first in the reference list i.e. Johnson. A. In case you are referring to an article, it is prudent to include the page numbers in full e.g. pp. 100-105.

Newspaper Articles

You have to include the author of the given article, the title of the article and its date in Oxford cited papers. For online newspapers articles, use the same format but include the URL in brackets.

Internet sources or web pages

You need to include the author, organization or institution, company or authority, year of publication, document page or title, name or owner of the website, the last update, URL and date you accessed the information.


For entries retrieved from online encyclopedias, you should provide the author, title, and name of the encyclopedia. In addition, you need to provide the publication date and a complete URL. In case you have an encyclopedia that has no author, then you can use the title of the article or entry first.


In this case, you should provide information about the institution of graduation and the degree title.

Conference proceedings

Presentations or lectures at seminars or conferences are usually published in anthologies known as proceedings. You should include the title, year and city of the conference when citing such sources in Oxford cited papers. Individual contributions in such conferences are treated as chapters in books. In some instances, those contributions are treated as journals and hence published.

Illustrations e.g. tables, diagrams, figures, photographs etc.

Illustrations from other people are known as copyright.  You need permission from the owner before you can use such sources. It’s important to state the person who created the illustration or author in the reference list. Also, provide a caption that includes the image number, title, creator, and year.

Personal communication

Personal information comprises of informal communication such as letters, conversations or phone calls and emails just to name a few. You are required to seek permission before you use such quotes and retain a copy for future reference. There is no need to include personal communication in the reference list since you can’t trace the sources.


Having gone through how to write Oxford cited papers, it is important to understand the capitalization, punctuation and order of elements. Any confusion while compiling these elements can cost the student greatly.


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