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Write a Dissertation Methodology

How do I Write my Dissertation Methodology?

The dissertation methodology usually appears as the Chapter 3 of a dissertation or research paper, under the literature review. Because of this, it links back to the literature review. Many college students are usually at a loss of what to include in the methodology when given a task to write a dissertation methodology.

You should not confuse the methodology with “methods”. It is much broader than methods, and in fact methods are a component of the methodology. It is a compact way of explaining how your research was carried out, the source of your data, data gathering techniques you employed and much more.

Your methodology should enable the reader to create very similar methods to yours when obtaining data. The methodology section doesn’t demand the inclusion of questionnaires, interviews, surveys or other methods you used in your research. The chapter is primarily for explanation of why the research techniques for information gathering.

Despite there being no standard format when it comes to write a dissertation methodology, the following sections are indispensable when it comes to writing your literature review.


  • The Introduction

Since the methodology intricately follows the literature review, this part of it should restate the problem under research. It also does a brief recap of the main research questions which helps in giving clarity and focus to the work that follows.


  • Methodological considerations

Justification for the selected paradigm and methodology

This section requires that you justify why the selected methods and not the other. This It is sometimes referred to as the rationale. Because there will always be an alternate method to the one you have chosen, critically evaluate other method and be in defense of your method. Demonstrate the merits and demerits of each method, yours included.


  • Research design and strategy

This section of the methodology describes the set-up of your project, and the accomplishments aimed at by each piece of it. The research design ensures the obtained evidence enables you to logically and with no ambiguity address the research problem.

When you write a dissertation methodology, ensure your design is well researched so that it achieves the following:

  1. Clear identification of the research problems, and justification of its election. You should do this in relation to any alternative but valid designs that could have been applied
  2. Synthesization and review of literature that has been previously published. The literature has to be related to your topic.
  3. A clear and explicit hypothesis which is directly related to the research problem.
  4. Effective description of data which adequately tests the hypotheses, and also an explanation of how the data will be obtained.
  5. A description of the methods of analysis to be applied to the data so as to determine the validity of the hypotheses.


  • Research methods / procedures

Data collection methods

These includes methods such as questionnaires, interviews, experiments, surveys or panels which you employed in your research. At this point you should also specify whether your methods were qualitative or quantitative. You need to understand the key difference between qualitative and quantitative approaches to data collection.


Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative research

  • Qualitative Research: It is basically a form of exploratory research. You will need it to gain an understanding of reasons, opinions, and motivations. It is instrumental in providing insights into the problem and in developing ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. This type of research also strives to reveal trends in thought and opinions, and delve deeper into the problem. Qualitative data collection techniques can be structured or unstructured. They include focus groups, observations as well as individual interviews, and participation/observations. The qualitative techniques usually target a small sample size.
  • Quantitative Research: On the other hand, this kind of research quantifies the problem by representation of numerical data that can be reused in statistics. This kind of research quantifies, opinions, attitudes, behaviors and other variables. The method also generalizes results from a bigger sample population. There is the use of measurable data for formulation of facts and uncovering of patterns in to the research problem. Quantitative Research is more structured than qualitative research. Examples of this type of research could be most type of surveys – online surveys, mobile surveys, paper surveys, and kiosk surveys, telephone interviews face-to-face interviews, longitudinal studies, online polls, website interceptors and systematic observations.


  • Validity and Reliability, Generalizability, Ethics, and Limitations

Validity and Reliability

To write a dissertation methodology, you have two put into account this two aspects of research. Often, people confuse between the two terms. The difference between reliability and validity is that reliability measures the ability of a tool to produce consistent repeatable results, while validity is a measure of the credibility, and how believable a test measure is. Reliability is very necessary, but without validity it is an incomplete measure

There are two types of validity, namely internal and external validity. Internal validity enables you to determine the correctness of the research design while external validity reflects how the results of the research design other results from a different source. It is used in generalization.



This section will be enhanced by external validity. It describes how far the data you will obtain can be used in other situations beyond your study. The significance of generalization is that it tends to increase persuasiveness and believability of your final findings.


Consideration on ethics       

As you write a dissertation methodology, you are required to maintain ethical standards in research. Below is a summary of the most common ethical principles that you must adhere to.

  • Honesty

Be honest in all your scientific works. Do not twist data, results, procedures methods and publication statuses to suit your situation. Make sure in you methodology there is no fabrication, falsification or misinterpretation of information. . Furthermore, strive not to use lies to deal with colleagues and people sponsoring the research, or even the general public.

·        Objectivity

Objectivity should be close to your heart when doing experimental design, analysis and interpretation of data, peer reviews, testimonials from experts and other facets of research. If you cannot do away with the bias, ensure it is very minimal. It is also important to make open personal as well as financial interests affecting the research.

·        Integrity

You have to maintain your integrity in research by keeping promises and honoring agreements. Be sincere, aspire to be consistent both in thought and in your actions.

·        Carefulness

If an error can be avoided, then by all means avoid it. You can do this by critically going through your work and that of others. Ensure you have every record of your research activities like collection of data, research design and communication with journal agencies.

·        Openness

Do not hide your findings. Make your work vulnerable to critics and also people who might bring in new ideas.

·        Respect for Intellectual Property

Respect the IP rights of any work that you use in your research, may it the form of trademarks, copyright, or patents. Give proper acknowledgements for all contributions from sources that are not your own.

·        Confidentiality and Anonymity

Some sources of information will require that you do not disclose their identity. If you come into an agreement to do that, make sure you honor the agreement. Such cases could be military documents, hospital patient records or trade secrets.

·        Responsible Publication

Publish your wok so that you advance the field of research, together with scholarship. Publishing will also advance your own career. Desist from publishing work that is duplicated.

·        Respect for colleagues                    

Your team contributes highly to the success of your research and hence you need to treat them with fairness and respect, despite their role in the research.

·        Social Responsibility

In whatever methodology you apply, put the common good of everybody as a priority. Strive to mitigate any social harms that may occur by conducting education and advocacy alongside your research.

·        Competence

Make use of your professionalism to create competence in research and the whole scientific field by practicing lifelong education and learning.

·        Legality

Make sure you are up to date with institutional and government laws and policies related to your research.

·        Animal Care

You should recognize that animals have rights, hence the need to respect them in research. Do not do unnecessary experiments, or ones that are poorly managed, on the basis that you are dealing with animals but not humans.

·        Human Subjects Protection

When the research is being done on people, maximize the benefits and minimize risks and harms that may crop up. You are supposed to uphold human dignity, their privacy and autonomy. When there vulnerable groups like orphans, the aged or the disabled, it is imperative to take special precautions. You should also make efforts to make a fair distribution of the good outcomes and burdens of the research.

  • Voluntary participation

You should never force someone to provide information during the data collection stage of your methodology. Every information obtained should be voluntary.

  • Non-discrimination and impartiality

You should ensure your methodology does not discriminate study’s subjects on any way. Do not discriminate anyone based on sex, race, ethnic background or any other non-scientific factor.

5.4 Limitations:

This section tries to bring out the aspect of the shortcomings that have appeared as you write a dissertation methodology based on your research.

  • Summary

You will have to write a summary to wrap up the dissertation methodology. It summarizes all the components that have been discussed in the body of the methodology.

Please learn how to write the introduction of a dissertationYou can also request us to write a dissertation methodology for you.

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