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Why black Children go to foster Homes more than Whites


Attached, below are the assignment instructions, this is a research paper, therefore you must follow the assignment instruction as listed below.

  • Also is attached is a brief history of my research topic.
  • The focus of this research paper is about black children being placed into the foster care system at a higher rate than white children in New York City.
  • Please use research that focus on the foster care system in NYC only
  • 5 references are needed, I have attached two, feel free to use them are you can provide your own references


Assignment #2: Literature Review

Your literature review provides an account of existing knowledge as it relates to your research question. The structure should be categorized into three broad areas provided below. Your literature review should be around 3-4 pages long. Together with your problem formulation, it should be about 5-6 pages. You should submit your literature review together with the revised version of your problem formulation in one paper.


Provide a brief description of the topic of literature review. It may include the purpose of literature review as well as to how you are organizing your literature review and how you will proceed

Body of literature Review

Provide a discussion of the relevant literature on your research question. You may better lead a discussion in an organized manner. There are several organizational methods such as chronological, thematic, and methodological. For this purpose it is better to use a thematic organizational method.


Provide a brief summary of what you have looked, what you found or did not found


Provide an APA style reference at the end



  1. Conduct a comprehensive search using the College library database for your key research terms. The key research term is usually expressed in your research question. For example, if you are studying the relationship between burn-out and field practicum, then burnout in conjunction with field-practicum are the terms that should be searched. USE EBSCO search but also look at specific databases such as Psych INFO, Science Direct, or even Encyclopedia entries. Reports, publications, magazines, news media are more biased than peer reviewed journals
  2. Remember to organize your literature review into thematic areas and then within these thematic areas summarize and synthesize. A simple summary is not enough; you should be able to synthesize the literature. A summary may relate to a particular article but a synthesis is a relationship between the findings of two or more articles that pertains to your research
  3. Avoid using quotations but instead try to paraphrase, however when paraphrasing do not forget citing
  4. Do not list the articles in the form of an annotated bibliography


“Same Situations, different outcomes”

Why are black children being placed into the foster care system at a higher rate than white children?

In the 19th century there were approximately 30,000 homeless or neglected children living in New York streets and slums. Charles Loring Brace, the founder of the Children’s Aid Society, thought that these children deserved a better life. Charles Loring Brace felt that by removing these children from the streets and placing them in farm families, they would have a chance of escaping a lifetime of suffering. He projected that these children be sent by train to live and work on farms in the Midwest. This vision was the result of the Orphan Train Movement, which lasted from 1853 to the early 1900s, and transported more than 120,000 children to new loves.

During its history, the Children’s Aid Society continues to remain on the front lines of foster care reform and advocacy. The Orphan Train Movement and the success of other children’s aid initiatives has led to an array of national child welfare reforms which include the child labor laws, adoption, foster care services and public education. In the early 1900’s Children’s Aid founded concurrent planning, a foster care approach that became the basis for the federal adoption and safe Families Act of 1997, which has drastically changed foster care.

Across the county, the number of children in foster care has dropped significantly, from more than 500,000 a decade ago to approximately 400,000 today,according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Despite the decline, a significant gap remains.Black children are more than twice as likely as white children to enter foster care. This racial disparity is on display in New York City. According to the city’s Administration for Children’s Services, which oversees foster care system, out of 42,000 children in the foster care system at the end of 1997, only 1,300 were white. Black children in New York were 10 times as likely as white children to be in state protective custody. One can conclude that it is an institution designed to monitor, regulate and punish poor families of color.

A national study of protective services by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported that minority children, particular African American children are more likely to be in foster care placements than receive in-home preventative services, even when they have the same problems as white children. Most white children who enter the system are permitted to stay with other family members, avoiding the emotional damage and physical risks of foster care placement, while most black children are taken away from their families. Once removed from their homes, black children remain in foster care longer, are more often, receive fewer services, and are less likely to return home or adopted than any other children.

Why are black children placed in foster care at higher rates? Some say that poverty could be a factor. Regardless of recent declines in poverty overall, the U.S. poverty rate is still exceptionally high by international standards, extreme poverty is actually growing, and black children are still lagging far behind white children. But even though black children are more likely to be poor than white children, racial differences in child poverty rates don’t fully explain why black children are placed in foster care at higher rates.

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