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Sylogism and Sorites

Outline 1
I. Introduction
In your introduction, you should provide the original argument. You should also define ‘sorites’ and ‘enthymeme’ (since this argument is both, you may as well define the terms). The reason why you want to define these terms is that you are gearing up your reader to expect to see two syllogisms and a statement that did not appear in the original argument.

II. Main body
A. present the first syllogism
1. present the instance of the syllogism (or a dictionary)
2. present the form
3. explain why each premise is true
a. explain why the first premise is true
b. explain why the second premise is true
4. prove that the syllogism is invalid by a counterexample. Define ‘counterexample’ and explain why it proves that the argument is invalid
B. present the second syllogism
1. present the instance of the syllogism (or a dictionary)
2. present the form
3. explain why each premise and the conclusion are true
a. explain why the first premise is true
b. explain why the second premise is true
c. explain why the final conclusion is true
4. prove that the syllogism is invalid by a counterexample

III. conclusion of the paper
Explain why people might think that this is a sound argument (does it have true premises and a true conclusion). Is it sound? Explain why truth is not enough for soundness

Outline 2
I. Introduction—this didn’t change from outline (1)

II. Main Body
A. Present both syllogisms of the sorites.
1. syllogism 1
a.present an instance (or dictionary) for syllogism (1) of the sorites
b. present the form for syllogism (1)
2. syllogism 2
a. present an instance (or dictionary) for syllogism (2) of the sorites
b. present the form

B. explain why every statement in the sorites is true.
a. premise 1—explain why it is true
b. premise 2—explain why it is true
c. premise 3—explain why it is true
d. intermediate conclusion—explain why it is true
e. final conclusion—explain why it is true

C. prove the two syllogisms are invalid by means of a counterexample. Define ‘counterexaxmple’ and explain why they prove arguments are invalid.
III. conclusion

Useful sources:
Syllogism s and Fallacies
Hypothetical Syllogisms
A SIMPLE METHOD FOR SOLVING SIMPLE AND COMPLEX SYLLOGISMS

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Category: Sample Questions