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Lung Cancer Treatment

Go onto the NIH website ( and look for research based information regarding the diagnosis, trends, and treatments for the disorder you chose. Please complete a one page paper in APA format.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a cancerous disease that forms in lung tissues, particularly in the cells lining air passages. The main types of lung cancer are small cell and non-small cell lung cancer; the two types can only be diagnosed by their appearance under a microscope.


Lung cancer is diagnosed using the tests that examine lungs. These tests and procedures can detect, diagnose and stage non-small cell lung cancer. The following tests and procedures are used: physical exam and history which include checking for signs such as lumps and patient’s health habits including smoking. Laboratory tests that tests tissue, urine and blood samples help to diagnose lung cancer. Chest X-ray and CT scan (CAT scan) procedures make picture that reveal the affected area. Lung biopsy procedure involves inserting a biopsy needle through the chest into the abnormal area shown in the X-ray; a piece of tissue is taken and checked under microscope for signs of cancer. A bronchoscopy procedure involves the insertion of a thin, tube-like instrument with a light a lens through the nose or mouth into trachea and lungs. A bronchoscope may have tools that take samples, which are later checked under microscope for signs of cancer (Pfister et al., 2004).


The national investment in cancer research has helped to reduce the rate of cancer deaths since 1992. More people are benefiting from early cancer detection and treatment due to advancement in medical advancement. Since 1999, the new cancers incidence has been falling while the cancer patient are living longer better quality life compared to past years. Cigarette smoking trends in United States is the leading cause of lung cancer. The recent trends on cancer prevention indicate that adult smoking is falling, however, the age at smoking initiation and youth smoking are rising. The data shows a long-term trend for decreased rate of smoking for people aged 18 years and older. Cigarette smoking prevalence showed a decline by race and education. However, the decline for people with only high school was shallow compared to those with greater or lower than high school diplomas (Jemal et al., 2008).

Treatments for the lung cancer

Lung cancer is treatable, but prognosis depend on the stage of the cancer, lung cancer, symptoms such as breathing troubles and he general health of the patient. The available cancer treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, and Targeted Therapy. Surgery is recommended for people with early-stage lung cancer. Surgery involves the removal of the entire or part of the lung that contains cancer. In some cases a surgeon removes the lobe of the lung that contains cancer, a procedure called lobectomy. Radiation therapy entails the killing of cancer cells through radiation. It can be used to treat lung cancer at any stage; it can be used after surgery to destroy the remaining cancers cells. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Lung cancers drugs are administered intravenously using a thin needle. Targeted Therapy is used in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer that has spread. Targeted therapies can stop the growth and spread of lung cancer cells (Pfister et al., 2004).


Pfister, D. G., Johnson, D. H., Azzoli, C. G., Sause, W., Smith, T. J., Baker Jr, S., … & Somerfield, M. R. (2004). American Society of Clinical Oncology treatment of unresectable non–small-cell lung cancer guideline: Update 2003. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 22(2), 330-353.
Jemal, A., Thun, M. J., Ries, L. A., Howe, H. L., Weir, H. K., Center, M. M., … & Edwards, B. K. (2008). Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2005, featuring trends in lung cancer, tobacco use, and tobacco control. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 100(23), 1672-1694.

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