Advisors at your service 24/7

WhizzAcademics.com

Calculate Price

Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100
Use the following coupon code :
Whizz15

Impacts of Rapid Economic Development in Dubai and Abu Dhabi

Impacts of Rapid Economic Development in Dubai and Abu Dhabi

The rapid rates of economic development and urbanization in Dubai and Abu Dhabi have attracted international attention in the last two decades. The two cities have attained recognition as major hubs for tourism, investment and market for various goods and services. Their growth in industry and real estate sectors has attracted foreign populations from various parts of the world. Despite this, the two cities face major social and environmental challenges. In this section, some of the major environmental challenges will be outlined.

The process of providing clean and safe water for domestic and industrial use has emerged as the main problem facing Dubai and Abu Dhabi (Kassler 2009). Specifically, Dubai’s situation seems to be worse than that of Abu Dhabi. Dubai’s location on the Persian Gulf provides access to a large mass of water, but lack of desalination plants makes it difficult to purify the sea water. The presence of high population and industries makes it difficult to use the sea water because some heated sludge and domestic wastes enter the sea (Saunders, Al Zahed & Paterson 2007). This requires a lot of energy to desalinate the sea water, but the competition with industries for electric power has made it difficult to provide adequate and continuous supply of desalinated water. For instance, studies have shown that Dubai desalinates about three billion bottles of water per day, but the backup is minimal. Dubai receives about four days of water every weak, which means that the industries and population spend three days without water every week (Kassler 2009).

In addition, the rapid growth of population and industries Dubai and Abu Dhabi have caused massive accumulation of waste. In case of Dubai, the location close to the Gulf means that much of the waste is deposited into the sea. Studies have shown that this phenomenon has caused an increase in the Gulf’s salinity levels from 32,000 parts per trillion in 1980 to about 47,000 parts per trillion in 2010 (UNEP 2011).
Desalination of water requires massive energy sources, which both cities seem to lack. Therefore, the UAE government has resolved to develop nuclear energy sources close to Dubai and supply the city and other regions. However, the impact of nuclear energy on the environment is also an important environmental issue that needs deep analysis. Abu Dhabi plans to build four nuclear plants by 2017, which is expected to provide the UAE with at least 23% of the total energy consumption (Al-Katheeri 2008). The move towards nuclear power is a questionable development, especially when countries like Germany and Japan are clearing their nuclear plants (Kassler 2009).

In addition, Abu Dhabi and Dubai have attracted large populations of working class, which means that transport is a major activity. However, transport industry requires energy. Almost all vehicles in the UAE consume petroleum products (Fox, Mourtada-Sabbah & Al Mutawa 2012). This means that carbon release into the air is high in the two cities. It is evident that the two cities are the major sources of air pollution in the region. In addition, industrial development has also contributed to environmental pollution due to release of greenhouse gases (Murad, Al Nuaimi & Al Hammadi 2010). Like the western world, the two cities are facing air pollution challenges and may be difficult for the authorities to control the phenomenon if the development trend continues in the same rate in the coming decades.

References
Al-Katheeri, ES, 2008, “Towards the establishment of water management in Abu Dhabi Emirate. Water Resources Management”, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 205-215.
Fox, JW, Mourtada-Sabbah, N & Al Mutawa, M 2012, Globalization and the Gulf, Routledge, London.
Kassler, P, 2009, Environmental issues for the Gulf: oil, water and sustainable development, Royal Institute of International Affairs Middle East Programme in association with Division of Research and Studies, Crown Prince Court, Abu Dhabi
Murad, AA., Al Nuaimi, H & Al Hammadi, M, 2010, “Comprehensive assessment of water resources in the United Arab Emirates (UAE)”, Water Resources Management, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1449-1463.
Saunders, JE, Al Zahed, KM & Paterson, DM, 2007, “The impact of organic pollution on the macrobenthic fauna of Dubai Creek (UAE),” Marine Pollution Bulletin vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 1715-1723.
UNEP, 2011, The state of the marine environment: regional assessments, UNEP/GPA, Nairobi

Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100
Use the following coupon code :
Whizz15

Category: Sample Questions