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Accounting Statistics

20% literature review consists of 2 sections

Section 1 (2000 words)

Section 2 (500 words)

Both sections need to pasted into a single document and this document needs to be submitted to turnitin,
Use APA referencing put the reference list for section 1 and 2 AFTER section 2. Since the assignment is being submitted to turnitin the reference list for all sections need to go at the end.
Section 1
critical literature review on the topic of plagiarsm at university , Student are required to make the topic more specific so it is suitable literature review (2,000 words)


Description of the Task:


a review of the literature directly related to the topic of plagiarism at , followed by a critical analysis and discussion of how the literature addresses a particular NARROW research question, do the articles you have reviewed fail to address a major issue (describe the “gap” in the research) .


You need to find 5 journal articles yourself, Use google scholar or EBSCO,

*EBSCO’s find similar results feature is useful because you have to find articles about the same narrow topic

refer to the instructions given in the powerpoint given on week 8 of moodle.


Section 2, A short task to demonstrate you have actually read your literature review (500 words)
description of the task.

  1. a) Read the examples on pages 3-5 of this document where students cheat and give a short description of how SOME students at KOI have the wrong attitude when attempting assignments and this attitude needs to be changed.
  2. b) If someone wanted to change the attitude of the students discussed in part (a) , Would they find the articles you discussed in your literature helpful? Explain why or why not
  3. c) If someone wanted to change the attitude of the students discussed in part (a), Is it possible they would find the new research you propose in your literature review helpful? Explain why or Why not?



Refer to page 2 for the marking guide
and refer to page 3 to 5 for the examples for section 2
Marking Guide: The following rubric will be used and the total mark scaled to a mark out of 20


80%-100% Full understanding of the topic and its importance to the broader context. Evidence of conceptually sophisticated thinking e.g. by inclusion of personal views, connections with other subject areas etc. Arguments supported by evidence and examples.

Student will have consulted a wide range of appropriate sources (journal articles)
. Appropriate referencing in a standard format with minimal errors.

Excellent overall standard of presentation, exhibiting a high standard of English and clarity of expression. Appropriate use of fonts and effects. Rich, flowing text, pleasure to read with minimal errors. Appropriate separation of text into sections/sub-sections.

Summarize all the results effectively for example use   original tables and figures to summarize data from multiple sources to support an argument.

70%-79% Student will have demonstrated substantial understanding of the topic area and its place in the broader context. Critical evaluation and arguments supported by evidence and examples with some evidence of independent thinking, for example compare two of the articles, do the articles agree or disagree.

Evidence of consulting a range of appropriate

Sources (journal articles) which are appropriately referenced. No significant errors. High standard of presentation, exhibiting a good standard of English and clarity of expression. Appropriate use of fonts and effects. Writing is accurate
50%-59% Understanding of the topic demonstrated, but with limited evaluation of its importance. Restricted use of evidence and examples. Some errors. At least acceptable standards of English, but with ambiguities and awkward expression. Some attention to layout and formatting. References in text and bibliography correctly cited. Writing mostly accurate, but uninteresting.
Less than 50% Limited understanding of the topic area. Frequent factual or other errors. Inadequate standard of presentation. Poor use of English and inappropriate use of fonts and effects. Writing has frequent ambiguities, errors of expression, verbose or too brief. Insufficient reading around the topic. Referencing contains errors. Almost no attempt to provide a logical structure, or consider layout and formatting. No evidence of independent thought




Ist example of cheating from semester 1 2015

Part of a students assignment on plagiarism from semester 1 2015 is given below, Notice they clearly used an automatic paraphraser to change the words of another students assignment The student denied they use an automatic paraphraser and the student asked for a second change even though they were not entitled to one because it was clear that they did no work they just got another students assignment and used the computer to change the words.


The following paragraph and references were taken from the cheaters essay.

“The both article have diverse subject. The article by (Liao, M.T. & Tseng, C.Y., 2010) characterizes the why understudy do unoriginality. There are different explanations for this like absence of flawlessness in English, absence of comprehension the material, and their arrangement of instruction in back nation. Absence of certainty and deficiency of delivering force prompts duplicate the material. The issue behind the EFL written falsification is the flow looks into are not considering the individual esteem, their social, their fundamental training framework and their present perspectives about study and current style of living.

Liao, M. T., & Tseng, C. Y. (2010). Students’ Behaviors and Views of Paraphrasing and Inappropriate Textual Borrowing in an EFL Academic Setting.Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 14(2), 187-211.”


2nd example of cheating from semester 1 2015

The student used a “business” to write the essay for them, many students do not think it is obvious, the student that submitted the essay thought it was good and was surpised they got caught cheating. For example the Huh, S. (2010). was about actual medical doctors accidentally plagiarising journal articles,
The student claimed to do the work themselves and demanded to see the proof that they did not do the work themselves. To convince they student it was clear that they cheated a staff member to ask the student to explain the article Huh, S. (2010) and they could not. The student asked to be able to do the assignment again even though they did no work themselves and tried to make it look like they did.


The following paragraph and references were taken from the cheaters essay.


There are different reasons for plagiarism. The students faced the problems of plagiarism as in most of the cases, it has been observed that they have lack of bookish knowledge and they lacked the proper reasoning power behind doing any kind of research. They also lacked the proper attitudes behind doing any kind of researches (East, 2009).On the other hand, the other researchers like Fuqua et al.(2015), puts forward the fact that there have been constantly occurring the poor academic results by the students and therefore in that case and so it is ultimately leading to the problems of plagiarism. It has also been observed that the students are not confident enough to complete any kind of academic work that has been assigned to them and the competition among the students has been considered as one of the major issue of plagiarism. In many cases, it has been observed that the students have no proper grip over their own knowledge and language and therefore in that case, they fail to paraphrase the materials, which has been written in the content (Huh, 2010).


East, J. (2009). Judging plagiarism: a problem of morality and convention. High Educ, 59(1), pp.69-83.

Fuqua, Jason, Votteler, Nancy K., and Gerber, Hannah R., (2015). Mitigating Plagiarism With English Language Learners Through Collaborative Writing Programs: A Review of the Literature. STEM Journal, 16(1), pp.153-169.

Huh, S. (2010). Plagiarism. Journal of the Korean Medical Association, 53(12), p.1128.

The reference the student could not explain is


Huh, S. (2010). Plagiarism. Journal of the Korean Medical Association, 53(12), p.1128.
출판윤리에서 주로 다루는 것은 날조, 변조, 표절과 같 은 심각한 부정행위와 더불어 이중게재 및 저자되기 문제이다. 이중게재와 표절은 내용 중복이라는 점에서는 같 지만 공저자 중에 한 명이라도 동일 저자가 두 논문에 있느 냐가 차이이다. 이중게재는 두 논문에 같은 저자로 한 명이 라도 있고 표절은 없는 경우이다. 표절은‘타인의 아이디어, 과정, 결과물, 문장 등을 적절한 인용이나 승인 없이 도용하 는 행위’를 말한다[1]. 즉 표절은 다른 연구자의 내용을 허 락 없이 자기 논문에 사용하여 마치 자신이 기술하거나 그 린 것처럼 하는 것이다. 우리나라 KoreaMed에 실린 논문 가운데 5.9%가 이중게재라는 연구 보고가 있다[2]. 그러면 표절은 얼마나 발생할까? 아직 국내 학술 논문에서 표절에 대한 본격적인 연구는 없다. 왜냐하면 이것은 본문 전체를 가지고 판단하고 검색하고 하는 작업이 필요하여 발견이특별기고 지 않기 때문이다. 이중게재 여부를 확인하기 위한 조사에 서도 같은 내용을 다른 저자가 발표한 것은 찾기 어렵다. 이 중게재 조사에서 흔히 영문초록만 가지고 검색하기 때문에 본문에서 표절 여부를 찾지 않기 때문이다. 최근에 안타깝게도 대한의사협회지 청탁논문 가운데 표 절 사례가 있어 게재를 거절하였다. 최근 대한의사협회지의 양식과 체제를 국제 수준으로 갖추기 위하여 전문가심의 과 정을 거치고 있다. 이 과정에서 투고 논문의 일부 그림과 그 림 설명이 다른 논문에서 이미 발표한 내용을 그대로 사용 하였음에도 불구하고 그림의 출처나 혹은 해당 잡지 발행인 의 허락 여부를 표기하지 않은 것을 확인하였다. 다른 학술 논문의 내용이나 표, 그림을 인용할 때 가장 편한 방법은 개 방잡지의 내용을 원전을 밝히면서 가져다 쓰는 것이다[3]. 개방잡지의 정의에 따라 원전만 밝히면 가져다 활용하는데 어려움이 없다. 그렇지 않은 모든 잡지의 내용은 반드시 가 져다 쓸 때 원전을 밝히는 것은 물론이며, 해당 잡지 발행인 의 허락을 받아야 하고, 상업출판사 같으면 경비를 지불하 여야 한다. 이런 과정이 없으면 나중에 표절의 책임은 편집 인과 발행인이 진다. 물론 표절로 밝혀진 경우 해당 저자는 소속기관의 연구진실성위원회에 안건이 넘어가서 불이익을 받을 수 있다. 또한 일부라도 표절로 확인인 된 논문은 추후 발견되면 게재 철회 처리를 한다. 대한의사협회지는 공개잡 지로 KoreaMed Synapse[4]와 누리집을 통하여 전문은 물 론 모든 표와 그림이 공개되어 Google에서 검색 가능하므 로 언제든지 표절은 추적 가능하다. 위와 같은 과정을 통하여 대한의사협회지가 우리나라 의 사 사회를 대표하는 국제학술지의 위상을 유지할 수 있을 것이다.


Plagiarism, the use of text and ideas from published works without proper permission or citation, is difficult to detect since the whole text should be searched and compared to literature databases. Nevertheless, this process has become simpler with the advent of web-based technologies and more powerful search tools. Recently, a case of plagiarism was detected in an invited manuscript submitted to the Journal of the Korean Medical Association. In the withdrawn manuscript, there were figures and figure legends copied from other papers with neither permission nor citation. Only the citation is enough to use content, figures, or tables from other papers when the original journal is open access with Creative Commons License. Otherwise, to use such data, it is essential to obtain permission from that paper’s journal publisher. If plagiarism is detected after publication, the author will face harsh disciplinary action before the office of research integrity in his or her institute. Also, the paper may be retracted by the editor. This is the first time that Editorial Board has detected plagiarism before publication. Screening for plagiarism and other ethical violations will continue so that we can pursue the status of the representative journal of Korean physicians and develop a positive reputation for Korean science internationally by maintaining the utmost quality and integrity in our publications



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Category: Sample Questions